The words "according to documents" in a news story signal investigative journalism of the highest caliber.

We want to celebrate reporting based on government or corporate reports, emails, private chat messages or something equally tangible—as opposed to that based on unnamed sources or rumors.

The idea is imperfect, of course, and some excellent reporting will be based on no documents and some terrible reporting will be based on many documents. But ultimately, it's a great rule of thumb.


According to Documents was created by investigative reporters Girish Gupta and Alexandra Ulmer.

This week's selection

Ortega media enrich first family, squeeze rivals across Nicaragua

Reuters citing undisclosed tax documents

Trump's FCC nominee sought to enlist Fox's Laura Ingraham in anti-tech fight

Politico citing internal emails.

Roiled by Election, Facebook Struggles to Balance Civility and Growth

The New York Times citing an internal employee survey and internal analysis of posts.

See archive...


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Help us highlight worthwhile reporting by submitting it below or emailing us. We welcome work by freelancers, smaller publications and journalists covering underreported issues or countries.

© 2020 Girish Gupta and Alexandra Ulmer